25 Interesting facts about Mars

  1. Mars is the fourth planet from sun it discovered by galleli gallelio in 1610.
  2. Mars have many different seasons like Earth because it lies in 25.19° angle on its axis.
  3. The diameter of Mar is about 6752 kilometer. The total mass of the Mars is about 42 x 10 ^ 23 kg.
  4. Mars has two moons their names are Deimos and Phobos. Phobos is larger than deimos.
  5. Mars moons Phobos and deimos were discovered in 1877 by an American astronomer Asaf Hall. Average speed of the Mars is about 14.5 miles per second.
  6. Mars is far away from sun is about 142 million miles and far away from earth is about 54.6 million miles.
  7. In Mars the duration of a day is 24 hours 37 minutes and a year is 687 days.
  8. The average density of Mars is about 3,933 kg/m^3.
  9. Average temperature of Mars is approximately -81°C and atmosphere of Mars contains carbon dioxide, argon, oxygen and nitrogen gas.
  10. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and it is known as the last planet in the terrestrials planet which is about 227,940,000 km away from the Sun.
  11. This planet was named Mars Planet by Roman god of war Mars. The gravity of Mars is about 37% gravity of Earth.
  12. Due to the less gravity of Mars you can jump 3 times height more than the Earth.
  13. Phobos is very close to Mars, so scientist believe that one day Phobos will collide with the mars due to gravity of Mars and it produce a ring around Mars like Saturn's rings.
  14. 39 missions have been done to Mars but only 16  of all these missions got successfully results which is about 1/3 successful rates.
  15. Mars is called a 'Red Planet' because it's surface colour is red due to presence of iron.
  16. The longest and deepest valley is "Valles Marineris" in the solar system present on Mars.
  17. The maximum length of "Valles Marineris" is about 4000 km and maximum width is about 200 km and maximum depth is about 7 km from mars surface.
  18. During evening time sun appears with blue color in the Mars Planet.
  19. Atmospheric pressure of Mars surface is extremely low due to low pressure liquid water cannot exist on Mars.
  20. The density of Mars is less than the Earth's density which is about 100 times less than earth. Diameter of Mars is less than half diameter of earth.
  21. According to NASA agency it takes about two and a half years to travel from Earth to Mars. NASA is the only one space agency who landed on Mars surface.
  22. Indian space research organisation (ISRO) is only one space agency who entered to the Mars orbit in first attempt.
  23. You can see Mercury, Jupiter, Mars, Saturn, and Venus with the naked eye from the earth surface.
  24. The first spacecraft was launched to Mars in 1960 even this mission failed.
  25. Olympus Mons is the highest volcano mountain of solar system which is present in Mars. Olympus Mons height is about 21 km and diameter 600 km.