40 Interesting Facts About Mongolia

  1. The official name of Mongolia is "Mongol Uls" and it is a landlocked south Asian country.
  2. Mongolia is made up with 21 provinces which had established in 1921.
  3. Mongolian language is the official language of Mongolia and other languages are Oirat and Buryat.
  4. 9% land of Mongolia's is covered by forests and woodlands and it representing about 6% forest land of the world's total forests.
  5. Mongolia's 17.5 millions hectares areas is covered by forests with 139 species of mammals, 247 species of bird, 21 species of reptiles, 14 species of amphibians and 64 species of fishes.
  6. The international border of Mongolia is meet up with two countries these are China and Russia.
  7. Mongolia founded by Genghis Khan in 1206 and till 1911 it was the part of China.
  8. Ulaanbaatar is the largest and capital city of Mongolia which area is about 4,704 km² and it's population is about 16 lakhs.
  9. Ulaanbaatar is the world's most coldest capital city where average annual temperature is about -1.3°C.
  10. The total area of Mongolia is about  1.564 millions km² and it is the  world's 2nd largest landlocked country after Kazakhstan.
  11. Total population of Mongolia is about 33.8 lakhs and citizens of Mongolia is known as Mongolian.
  12. More than 36% Mongolians age is under 18 years.
  13. Approximate 53% Mongolians have followed buddhist, 3% are following muslims  and rest people have followed other religions.
  14. Erdene Zuu Monastery is the earliest buddhist temple in Mongolia which founded by Altai Khan in 1586.
  15. Mongolia got her independence on 29th December in 1921 from China's Qing Dynasty.
  16. The National flag of Mongolia have two colours these are blue and red. Red colour represent the freedom and prosperity, blue colour symbolizes to the blue sky.
  17. Mongolian Tughrik is the official currency of Mongolia and currently One USD equivalent to 2,784 Mongolian Tughrik (MNT).
  18. Mongolia is the world's lowest densely populated country where 2 people stay in every square km.
  19. According to the Mongolian horsemen ice cream invented by Mongolian horsemen, when they were carrying cream in leather bag on horseback in the winter season through the Gobi Desert then it turned into icecream.
  20. Mongolian national wrestling competition 2017 is the world's largest wrestling competition where 6,002 wrestlers have participated in this wrestling.
  21. The Mongolian Stock Exchange is the world's smallest stock exchange by stock capitalization because it's total listed company's market capitalization is about 1 billions USD.
  22. There are more horses than human approximately horse population is 13 times greater than human population in Mongolia.
  23. Gobi desert is the Asia's largest and world's 5th largest desert which area is about 1.295 million km² and it situated in two countries Mongolia and China.
  24. Genghis Khan is the great Mongolian king who stretched the Mongolia's emperor Beijing to Caspian sea.
  25. Mongolia recognised as an independent country from 2002 and it also removed from the China's map but till now Mongolia follow the One-China policy.
  26. Orkhon river is the largest river in Mongolia which length is about 1,124 km.
  27. Mongolia is also known as the Land of the Blue Sky because there sky colour keep blue for 260 days in a year.
  28. Khuvsgul lake is the largest fresh water lake in Mangolia which also known as the "the blue pearl of Mongolia" which area is about 2,760 km².
  29. Przewalski Horse is the national animal and Saker Falcon is the national bird  of Mongolia.
  30. Airag is the national drinks of Mongolia which is an alcoholic drinks it made from mare's milk.
  31. The two Hump camel is a Calamitous animals so Mongolian government have organised a festival in every year for keep safe this rare species but continuously it's number is decreasing very fast.
  32. "National University of Mongolia" is the first modern university of Mongolia which situated in 1942 but today 178 Colleges situated here.
  33. The literacy rate of Mongolia is about 98%.
  34. The Great Wall of China built in Inner Mongolia but after Genghis Khan's died, China's king Qin Shi Huang won this area and joined with China.
  35. Genghis Khan have selected for "25 most iconic political leaders of all time" in Times magazine 2011.
  36. Bokh is the national sports of Mongolia which is also known as Mongolian wrestling which organized by Mongolian government on 29 December in every year, who came first in this competition he gets a lion, second man get a elephant and third man gets a vulture.
  37. Mongolia is the world's highest country which average elevation is about 1,580 meters from sea level.
  38. Khuiten Peak is the highest mountain in Mongolia which height is about 4,354 meters from sea level.
  39. Uvs lake is the largest lake in Mongolia which area is about 69,585 km².
  40. 40% Mongolians stay in a traditional ger which is known as yurts these houses are portable, it first used by nomads in Central Asia.